AJP Taylor (I)


* "Taylor himself was a member of the
British Communist Party from 1924 to 1926, though he broke with the Party over what he considered to be its ineffective stand during the 1926 General Strike. After leaving the Communists, he was an ardent Labour Party supporter for the rest of his life"

* During this period, Muggeridge and Taylor began a life-long disagreement over the
Soviet Union, though this dispute did not seriously affect their friendship.

* The opposing influences of Pribram and Namier can be seen in Taylor's writings on Austria-Hungary until the publication of his
1941 book The Habsburg Monarchy 1809–1918, which was published in a revised edition in 1948. Taylor's earlier writings reflected Pribram's favourable opinion of the Habsburgs; his later writings show the influence of Namier's unfavourable views. In The Habsburg Monarchy, Taylor stated that the Habsburgs saw their realms entirely as a tool for foreign policy and thus could never build a genuine nation-state. In order to hold their realm together, they resorted to playing one ethnic group off against another and promoted German and Magyar hegemony over the other ethnic groups in Austria-Hungary.

[portanto era possível em 1941 Taylor ter uma opinião favorável dos Habsburgs - ao contrário do cruzada de Wilson que a destruiu...]

* "After 1936 he fervently criticized
appeasement, a stance he would disavow in 1961. Also after 1936 he resigned from the Manchester Peace Council, urged British rearmament in the face of what Taylor considered to be the Nazi menace, and advocated an Anglo-Soviet alliance to contain Germany. In 1938 he denounced the Munich Agreement at several rallies and may have written several leaders in the Manchester Guardian criticizing the Munich Agreement; later he would compare the relatively smaller number of Czechoslovak dead with the number of Polish dead."

[Parece igualzinho a Churchill, não? Mais tarde, e não parece tolo, com a devida distância histórica escreve que o appeasement permitiu o rearmamento para além de explorar as hipóteses de paz. Parece perfeitamente legítima a posiçao, não?]

* "Throughout his life, Taylor was basically sympathetic to the foreign policy of the Soviet Union, though he was strongly critical of Communism."

* Taylor was nonetheless critical of repression within the Soviet Union. In
1948 he attended and did his best to sabotage a Stalinist cultural congress in Wrocław, Poland. His speech, which was broadcast live on Polish radio and via speakers on the streets of Wrocław, about the right of everyone to hold different views from those who hold power, was enthusiastically received by the delegates and was met with thunderous applause. The speech was clearly intended as a rebuttal of a speech given by the Soviet writer Alexander Fadeyev the previous day, who had demanded obedience on the part of everyone to Joseph Stalin.

* For Taylor, Nazi racial imperialism was a continuation of policies pursued by every German ruler. The Course of German History was a bestseller in both the
United Kingdom and the United States; it was the success of this book that made Taylor's reputation in the United States.

* Earlier, in the 1950s-1960s, Taylor became a good friend of and wrote the
biography of Lord Beaverbrook, a Conservative who believed strongly in the British Empire and whose entry into politics was in support of Andrew Bonar Law, a Conservative leader strongly connected with the establishment of Northern Ireland.
Pode-se ser um espírito independente ou um homem de facção. Parece claro que A.J.P. Taylor pertencia ao primeiro grupo.
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